Full TGIF Record # 30391
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Web URL(s):http://elibrary.asabe.org/azdez.asp?JID=3&AID=28395&CID=t1993&v=36&i=3&T=2&redirType=
    Last checked: 10/13/2015
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Author(s):Munoz-Carpena, R.; Parsons, J. E.; Gilliam, J. W.
Author Affiliation:Graduate Student; Assistant Professor, Biological and Agricultural Engineering Dept.; Professor, Soil Science Dept., North Carolina State University
Title:Numerical approach to the overland flow process in vegetative filter strips
Source:Transactions of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers. Vol. 36, No. 3, May/June 1993, p. 761-770.
# of Pages:10
Publishing Information:St. Joseph, MI
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Filter strips; Models; Water pollution; Sediment pollution; Hydrology
Abstract/Contents:"Agricultural and other disturbed lands contribute to non-point source pollution of water bodies (streams and lakes). Vegetative filter strips (VFS) are often recommended to reduce off-site impacts. Design guidelines to optimize the performance of VFS are not readily available. A process-based model is presented to simulate the hydrology of a Vegetative Filter Strip for a given event. The model consists of a quadratic finite element overland flow submodel, based on the kinematic wave approximation, coupled with an infiltration submodel based on a modification of the Green-Ampt equation for unsteady rainfall. The model is used to study the effect of soil type, slope, surface roughness, buffer length, storm pattern and field inflow on the VFS performance. Filter performance, i.e., reduction of the runoff volume, velocity and peak, is higher for denser grass cover, smaller slopes and soils with higher infiltration capacity. Time to peak(s) depend mainly on the roughness-slope combination."
See Also:Other items relating to: FILTER
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Munoz-Carpena, R., J. E. Parson, and J. W. Gilliam. 1993. Numerical approach to the overland flow process in vegetative filter strips. Trans. Proc. Am. Soc. Agric. Eng. 36(3):p. 761-770.
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    Last checked: 10/13/2015
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MSU catalog number: S 671 .A452
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