Full TGIF Record # 310234
Item 1 of 1
Web URL(s):https://scisoc.confex.com/crops/2019am/meetingapp.cgi/Paper/119094
    Last checked: 01/21/2020
Publication Type:
Content Type:Abstract or Summary only
Author(s):Berndt, William L.; Riger, Jonathon W.
Author Affiliation:Berndt: William Berndt Associates, Fort Myers, FL; Riger: Voltec Instruments, Inc., Fort Myers, FL
Title:Determining subsurface distribution of petroleum hydrocarbon spills on a bermudagrass green
Section:C05 turfgrass science
Other records with the "C05 turfgrass science" Section

Turf ecology and management oral II: Soil, water, plant nutrition, and biotic stress (includes student competition)
Other records with the "Turf ecology and management oral II: Soil, water, plant nutrition, and biotic stress (includes student competition)" Section
Meeting Info.:San Antonio, Texas: November 10-13, 2019
Source:ASA, CSSA and SSSA International Annual Meetings. 2019, p. 119094.
Publishing Information:[Madison, Wisconsin]: [American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America]
# of Pages:1
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Cynodon dactylon x Cynodon transvaalensis; Golf course maintenance equipment; Golf greens; Hydraulic oil leaks; Hydrocarbons; Petroleum; Point source pollution; Soil infiltration
Cultivar Names:TifEagle
Abstract/Contents:"Petroleum hydrocarbons (PHC) leaking from turfgrass management equipment onto golf putting greens may infiltrate underlying soil. Extent of infiltration and subsurface distribution of PHC in putting greens is unknown. Research was conducted to determine subsurface spatial distribution of PHC resulting from point-source surface spills. Four mL petroleum hydraulic oil amended with UV fluorescent dye was applied to the surface of 10.2 cm diameter x 15.2 cm vertical plugs taken from a TifEagle hybrid bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon [L.] Pers. var. dactylon x Cynodon transvaalensis Burt-Davy) green. Plugs were sliced vertically at 0.5 cm intervals 48 h after treating. Digital images for the sequence of orthogonal two-dimensional slices were taken under UV light at 395 nm. Digital image analysis (DIA) was used to calculate cross-sectional area of the fluorescent plume in each slice. For one plume a quadratic curve was fitted to a sequence of 10 cross-sectional areas (R2 = 0.9799); solving the equation for zero gave start and end points for the curve of 0.0268 cm and 5.1048 cm. Plume volume of 68.6 cm3 was calculated by integrating the curve between these limits. Plume surface diameter was 5.1 cm; maximum vertical migration was 3.4 cm. This four mL point-source surface spill of petroleum hydraulic oil migrated vertically and laterally in soil forming a paraboloid plume that had expanded in volume > 1600% likely due to capillary and gravitational forces. Fitting an integratable curve with known zero limits to define plume boundaries appeared useful for determining the volume of PHC plumes in putting green soil. As other plumes may be asymmetric a method for establishing an integratable curve and integration limits to define the boundaries of PHC plumes with arbitrary geometry is needed."
Note:This item is an abstract only!
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Berndt, W. L., and J. W. Riger. 2019. Determining subsurface distribution of petroleum hydrocarbon spills on a bermudagrass green. Agron. Abr. p. 119094.
Fastlink to access this record outside TGIF: https://tic.msu.edu/tgif/flink?recno=310234
If there are problems with this record, send us feedback about record 310234.
Choices for finding the above item:
Web URL(s):
    Last checked: 01/21/2020
Request through your local library's inter-library loan service (bring or send a copy of this TGIF record)