Full TGIF Record # 311075
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Web URL(s):http://www.turfgrasssociety.eu/
    Last checked: 07/14/2020
    Access conditions: Item is within a limited-access website
Publication Type:
i
Refereed
Author(s):Hejduk, Stanislav; Pornaro, Cristina; Macolino, Stefano
Author Affiliation:Hejduk: Department of Animal Nutrition and Grassland Management, Mendel University, Brno, Czech Republic; Pornaro and Macolino: Department of Agronomy, Food, Natural Resources, Animals, and Environoment, University of Padova, Italy
Title:Hemiparasitic plants for suppressing tall fescue in golf roughs: preliminary results of using rhinanthus alectorolophus
Meeting Info.:Manchester, United Kingdom: July 2-4, 2018
Source:6th European Turf Society Conference Proceedings. Vol. 6, June 2018, p. 26-27.
# of Pages:2
Publishing Information:Quinto Vicentino, Italy: European Turfgrass Society
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Biodiversity; Biomass; Festuca arundinacea; Growth retardation; Parasitic plants; Rhinanthus; Sustainable land management
Abstract/Contents:"Roughs at golf courses possess remarkable potential to support biodiversity of plants and insects, namely pollinators. To reach this, implementation of suitable management is crucial. Along with increased biodiversity we can reduce the maintenance costs, improve the aesthetical value for players and increase the credit of golf at public. One way to reach this goal is the introduction of hemiparasitic plants to the roughs. The grasslands showing the highest biodiversity in Europe regularly contain hemiparasites. Hemiparasites are green plants which have photosynthesic activity but steal water and minerals from their hosts. They can be used as a tool for enhancing diversity and reduction of biomass production1,2. However, vigorous growth of host can suppress hemiparasite by light competition, especially in the early phase of its development. The mechanisms how hemiparasites enhance diversity are: 1. lowering competitive ability of dominant, aggressive grasses, 2. creating gaps in the sward after dead of the hemiparasites, and 3. increase of mineral nutrient availability in soil from their quickly decomposing litter3. The most promising hemiparasite is European yellow rattle (Rhinanthus alectorolophus, further RA), an annual plant, occurring in extensively managed grasslands and road verges in Central Europe. In the past it was a common weed in cereals. In contrast to the more known R. minor, RA is more aggressive and provide a faster effect. Although RA can parasitize a wide spectrum of host plants, the most suitable hosts are grasses as they do not possess defence mechanisms4. Tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.), vigorous tall grass, which is known to have allelopathic effects and is linked to low diverse stands5, is a very suitable host for RA. Rhinathus alectorolophus plants can grow to the 80 cm height on arable land, but usually up to 40 cm in permanent grasslands. Single RA plant can produce several thousand seeds. Here, the 2-site study was caried out to evaluate the efficacy of RA in reducing tall fescue vigor, which would be desirable in naturalized roughs for improving biodiversity."
Language:English
References:5
Note:Tables
Graphs
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Hejduk, S., C. Pornaro, and S. Macolino. 2018. Hemiparasitic plants for suppressing tall fescue in golf roughs: preliminary results of using rhinanthus alectorolophus. Eur. Turfgrass Soc. Conf. Proc. 6:p. 26-27.
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http://www.turfgrasssociety.eu/
    Last checked: 07/14/2020
    Access conditions: Item is within a limited-access website
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