Full TGIF Record # 317123
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Web URL(s):https://scisoc.confex.com/scisoc/2021am/meetingapp.cgi/Paper/135041
    Last checked: 03/31/2022
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Publication Type:
Content Type:Abstract or Summary only
Author(s):Huff, David R.; Benson, Christopher W.; Amundsen, Keenan; Morikone, Michael
Author Affiliation:Huff: Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA; Benson: Penn State University, University Park, PA; Amundsen: University of Nebraska - Lincoln, Lincoln, NE; Morikone: University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE
Title:A fully annotated, high quality genomic sequence of buffalograss
Section:Turfgrass genomes oral: Progress and innovation for genomic research in these complex grasses
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C05 turfgrass science
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Meeting Info.:Salt Lake City, Utah: November 7-10, 2021
Source:ASA, CSSA and SSSA International Annual Meetings. 2021, p. 135041.
Publishing Information:[Madison, Wisconsin]: [American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America]
# of Pages:1
Abstract/Contents:"Buffalograss (Bouteloua dactyloides; syn. Buchlo├ź dactyloides) is considered the typical grass of the American steppe region and characterizes the shortgrass prairie more than any other grass. It represents climax vegetation types for both the shortgrass prairie (grama-buffalograss; 340,000 km2) and the prairie brushland (mesquite-buffalograss; 215,000 km2) sections, accounting for 5.5% of the contiguous land mass of the continental United States. These regions are characterized by having low amounts of annual precipitation (25-64 cm) and, in order to survive, buffalograss has evolved a high degree of drought tolerance through internal osmotic adjustment and a fibrous root system that extends 1.4-2.2 m in depth. Buffalograss is also found outside of these regions with a distribution from southern Canada to central Mexico, covering the historic range of the American bison within the central Great Plains. Buffalograss seems to have coevolved with the bison in that its frequency increases under heavy grazing through the spread of its extensive stolons and its seed capsule and inflorescence structure are designed for dissemination through ingestion. Buffalograss is highly valued as range and pasture for domestic cattle, for soil conservation, historically as building material for the early pioneers sod homes, and today as a low maintenance turfgrass. As such, buffalograss contributes to all four ecological system services of the North American Great Plains (supporting, provisioning, regulating, and cultural as defined by the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment organization (millenniumassessment.org)). Recently, we sequenced the genome of buffalograss in order to advance our understanding of its important ecological role and to aid in its continued agronomic improvement through breeding. The newly assembled and annotated buffalograss genome (0.407Gb; 90.6% BUSCO) sequenced from a diploid cytotype (2n=2x=20 chromosomes) using PacBio clr HiFi reads along with proximity ligation and HiC scaffolding, resulting in chromosome-level resolution, will be presented."
Note:This item is an abstract only!
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Huff, D. R., C. W. Benson, K. Amundsen, and M. Morikone. 2021. A fully annotated, high quality genomic sequence of buffalograss. Agron. Abr. p. 135041.
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