Full TGIF Record # 35146
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Web URL(s):http://www.grassland.org.nz/publications/nzgrassland_publication_805.pdf
    Last checked: 02/03/2017
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Author(s):Hume, D. E.; Lyons, T. B.
Author Affiliation:AgResearch, Grasslands Research Center, Private Bag 11008, Palmerston North
Title:Methods of establishing tall fescue and ryegrass in a dryland environment
Meeting Info.:Masterton, 26-29 October 1993
Source:Proceedings of the New Zealand Grassland Association. Vol. 55, 1993, p. 105-111.
# of Pages:7
Publishing Information:Wellington: New Zealand Grassland Association
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Dry conditions; Festuca arundinacea; Lolium perenne; Pastures; Establishment; Seeding depth; Weed control
Abstract/Contents:"Optimal systems for establishing new pastures were considered at trial sites in Southern Hawkes Bay and Manawatu. Systems of pasture establishment, before drilling new pasture in autumn, were:(a) spring sown barley, (b) summer fallow by cultivation, (c) summer fallow by glyphosate spraying, and d) pasture during summer then a single glyphosate spray at drilling. Each establishment treatment was sown with white/sub clover, and eithe tall fescue (an example of a dryland grass species) or perennial rye grass. Methods (a) and (b) used a roller drill to sow pastures into a cultivated seed bed, and methods (a), (c) and (d) used a direct drill. A very moist cool summer resulted in no advantage to the fallow treatments in terms of better soil moisture at sowing, but generally these treatments had the best establishments, possibly due to low weed contents and higher soil nitrogen levels. A single spray with glyphosate before direct drilling gave the poorest results for both grass species. The relative advantages and disadvantages of each treatment are discussed. Establishments and yields of tall fescue were lower than for rye grass, although tall fescue had higher white/sub clover contents and less dead matter than ryegrass pastures. A low sowing rate and colder-than-average temperature of sowing may have depressed the establishment of tall fescue. Ryegrass quickly recovered from lower levels of establishment(within3-6 months) but tall fescue took 9-12 months to show any improvement in contribution to pasture yields."
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Hume, D. E., and T. B. Lyons. 1993. Methods of establishing tall fescue and ryegrass in a dryland environment. Proc. N.Z. Grassland Assoc. 55:p. 105-111.
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    Last checked: 02/03/2017
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