Full TGIF Record # 37501
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Web URL(s):http://elibrary.asabe.org/azdez.asp?JID=3&AID=28149&CID=t1994&v=37&i=3&T=2&redirType=
    Last checked: 10/13/2015
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Author(s):Chaubey, Indrajeet; Edwards, Dwayne R.; Daniel, Tommy C.; Moore, Philip A. Jr.; Nichols, D. Jeff
Author Affiliation:Graduate Assistant; Associate Professor, Biological and Agricultural Engineering; Professor; Soil Chemist USDA-ARS, PPPSU; Research Assistant, Dept. of Agronomy, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville.
Title:Effectiveness of vegetative filter strips in retaining surface-applied swine manure consituents
Source:Transactions of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers. Vol. 37, No. 3, May/June 1994, p. 845-850.
# of Pages:6
Publishing Information:St. Joseph, MI
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Filter strips; Manures; Surface runoff; Water quality
Abstract/Contents:"Simulated rainfall was used to evaluate the effectiveness of vegetative filter strip(VFS) of varying lengths (0, 3, 6 9, 15 and 21 m) in reducing sediment and nutrient losses from plots treated with liquid swine manure at 200 kg Nl ha. Mass transport of ammonia nitrogen (NH₃₋N), total Kjeldahl nitrogen (TKN), ortho-phosphorus (PO₄₋P), total phosphorus (TP), and total suspended solids (TSS) was reduced significantly (p< 0.05) by fescue (Fescue arundinacea Schreb.) VFS. The 3 and 21 m VFS removed 65 and 87% of incoming TKN, 71 and 99% of incoming NH₃₋N, 65 and 94% of incoming PO₄₋P, and 67 and 94% of incoming TP, respectively. Effectiveness of VFS, however, did not increase significantly beyond 3m for TSS and chemical oxygen demand and averaged 61 and 50%, respectively. Mass transport of TKN, NH₃₋N, PO₄₋P, amd TP was minimized at the 9 m VFS length. The VFS did not significantly reduce nitrate nitrogen and fecal coliform from the incoming runoff. First-order kinetics described the removal of manure constituents."
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Chaubey, I., D. R. Edwards, T. C. Daniel, P. A. Jr. Moore, and D. J. Nichols. 1994. Effectiveness of vegetative filter strips in retaining surface-applied swine manure consituents. Trans. Proc. Am. Soc. Agric. Eng. 37(3):p. 845-850.
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    Last checked: 10/13/2015
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MSU catalog number: S 671 .A452
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