Full TGIF Record # 38050
Item 1 of 1
Publication Type:
Author(s):Lucas, Leon T.
Author Affiliation:Extension Plant Pathology Specialist - Turf, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC
Title:Diseases associated with high-sand-content greens
Meeting Info.:Tampa, FL: October 8-11, 1989
Source:Proceedings of the Florida Turfgrass Conference. Vol. 39, 1991, p. 100-103.
Publishing Information:Orlando, FL: Florida Turfgrass Association
# of Pages:4
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Sand-based golf greens; Black layer; Thatch accumulation; Localized dry spots; Nutrient deficiency; Soil salinity; Pythium root rot; Topdressing
Abstract/Contents:"Turfgrasses have been difficult to manage on some golf greens constructed in recent years with 80 to 90% sand. The advantages of those greens are high percolation rates that allow play to resume soon after heavy rains and the reduction of compaction problems. The disadvantages are the decline of grasses on these greens from diseases, nutrient deficiencies and imbalances and poor soil-water relationships. Deep root systems usually develop in the sand mixtures during the first year but decline in following years." Development of a black layer, development of localized dry spots, development of a thatch layer, nutrient deficiencies, and diseases by fungi are serious problems that are encountered on greens with a high sand content. "...The USGA recommendations for golf green construction are the best guidelines to follow for drainage, subsurface contouring and the addition of the top 12 to 14 inches of sand mixture. Also, you should recognize that high-sand-content greens may need a totally different management program than that used on old greens or on greens with different mixtures. These high-sand-content greens usually become easier to manage after several years of growth."
See Also:Original version appears in Proceedings of the 28th Annual North Carolina Turfgrass Conference, Vol. 11 1990, p. 25-28, R=268185. R=268185

Updated version appears in Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Environment, 50(1) August 1994, p. 61-72, R=37847. R=37847
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Lucas, L. T. 1991. Diseases associated with high-sand-content greens. p. 100-103. In Proceedings of the Florida Turfgrass Conference. Tampa, FL: October 8-11, 1989. Orlando, FL: Florida Turfgrass Association.
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