Full TGIF Record # 53424
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    Last checked: 10/13/2015
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Author(s):Chaubey, I.; Edwards, D. R.; Daniel, T. C.; Moore, P. A. Jr.; Nichols, D. J.
Author Affiliation:ASAE Student Member, Graduate Student, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering Dept., Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma (former Graduate Student, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering Dept., University of Arkansas, Fayetteville); ASAE Member Engineer, Associate Professor, Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering Dept, University of Kentucky, Lexington; Professor, Dept. of Agronomy, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville; Soil Chemist and Adjunct Associate Professor, USDA-Agricultural Research Service, Dept. of Agronomy, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville; Research Assistant, Dept. of Agronomy, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville.
Title:Effectiveness of vegetative filter strips in controlling losses of surface applied poultry litter constituents
Source:Transactions of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers. Vol. 38, No. 6, November/December 1995, p. 1687-1692.
# of Pages:6
Publishing Information:St. Joseph, MI
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Animal manures; Filter strips; Losses from soil systems; Nitrate reduction test; Nonpoint source pollution; Runoff control; Soil amendments
Abstract/Contents:"Vegetative filter strips (VFS) have been shown to have high potential for reducing nonpoint source pollution from cultivated agricultural source areas, but information from uncultivated source areas amended with poultry litter is limited. Simulated rainfall was used in analyzing effects of VFS length (0, 3.1, 6.1, 9.2, 15.2, and 21.4 m) on quality of runoff from fescue (Festa arundinacea Schreb.) plots (1.5 X 24.4 m) amended with poultry litter (5 Mg/ha). The VFS reduced mass transport of ammonia-nitrogen (NH₃-N), total Kjeldahl nitrogen (TKN), ortho-phosphorus (PO₄-P), total phosphorus (TP), chemical oxygen demand (COD), and total suspended solids (TSS). Mass transport of TKN, NH₃-N, TP, and PO₄-P were reduced by averages of 39, 47, 40 and 39%, respectively, by 3.1 m VFS and by 81, 98, 91, and 90% respectively, by 21.4 m VFS. Effectiveness of VFS in terms of mass transport reduction was unchanged, however, beyond 3.1 m length for TSS and COD and averaged 35 and 51%, respectively. The VFS were ineffective in removing nitrate-nitrogen from the incoming runoff. Removal of litter constituents was described very well (r2 = 0.70 to 0.94) by a first order relationship between constituent removal and VFS length."
Language:English
References:31
Note:Figures
Tables
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Chaubey, I., D. R. Edwards, T. C. Daniel, P. A. Jr. Moore, and D. J. Nichols. 1995. Effectiveness of vegetative filter strips in controlling losses of surface applied poultry litter constituents. Trans. Proc. Am. Soc. Agric. Eng. 38(6):p. 1687-1692.
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http://elibrary.asabe.org/azdez.asp?JID=3&AID=27995&CID=t1995&v=38&i=6&T=2&redirType=
    Last checked: 10/13/2015
    Requires: PDF Reader
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