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Web URL(s):https://academic.oup.com/ee/article/28/3/358/365934/Impact-of-Golf-Course-Mowing-Practices-on-Ataenius
    Last checked: 02/17/2017
    Access conditions: Item is within a limited-access website
Publication Type:
i
Refereed
Author(s):Rothwell, N. L.; Smitley, D. R.
Author Affiliation:Department of Entomology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI
Title:Impact of golf course mowing practices on Ataenius spretulus (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) and its natural enemies
Source:Environmental Entomology. Vol. 28, No. 3, June 1999, p. 358-366.
# of Pages:9
Publishing Information:College Park, MD: Entomological Society of America
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Ataenius spretulus; Lolium perenne; Predators of insect pests; Golf rough; Golf fairways; Mowing height; Bacillus; Distribution patterns
Abstract/Contents:"In April of 1996 the rough-fairway interface of a golf course consisting entirely of perennial ryegrass, Lolium perenne L., was altered by implementing a new mowing regime. The experiment sontained 4 replicants of 4 treatments: turf mowed to fairway height 1995-1997, turf mowed to rough height 1995-1997, turf that was fairway height in 1995 and was allowed to grow to rough height in 1996-1997, and turf that was rough height in 1995 and was cut to fairway height in 1996-1997. Glass vials were used as pitfall traps to monitor activity of surface-dwelling predators and adult Ataenius spretulus (Haldeman). In 1996, the most A. spretulus larvae were found in plots where the turf was mowed to fairway height the previous year, regardless of how the turf was mowed that year. However, adult Philonthus spp. (Staphylinidae) were found in the highest numbers in the plots that were mowed to rough height, regardless of the turf height in past years. In 1997, the highest populations of A. spretulus adults and larvae were found in plots mowed to fairway height in 1996 and in 1997, regardless of 1995 mowing height. Also, twice as many larvae were infected with a milky disease causing pathogen, Bacillus sp., in the rough (68%) compared with the fairway (34%). The most prevalent staphylinids, Philonthus cognatus Stephens and P. carbonarius (Gravenhorst), were 3 times more abundant in rough-mowed turf compared with fairway-mowed turf. With grass species, irrigation, and previous pesticide use controlled by our experimental design, it appears that mowing practices are an important factor contributing to the skewed distributuion of A. spretulus toward golf course fairways and away from the rough."
Language:English
References:28
Note:Figures
Tables
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ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Rothwell, N. L., and D. R. Smitley. 1999. Impact of golf course mowing practices on Ataenius spretulus (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) and its natural enemies. Environ. Entomol. 28(3):p. 358-366.
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Web URL(s):
https://academic.oup.com/ee/article/28/3/358/365934/Impact-of-Golf-Course-Mowing-Practices-on-Ataenius
    Last checked: 02/17/2017
    Access conditions: Item is within a limited-access website
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