Full TGIF Record # 64437
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Web URL(s):http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/1065657X.2000.10701751
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Author(s):B├╝y├╝ks├Ânmez, Faith; Rynk, Robert; Hess, Thomas F.; Bechinski, Edward
Author Affiliation:B├╝y├╝ks├Ânmez: Civil and Environmental Engineering Department, San Diego State University, San Diego, California; Rynk: The JG Press, Inc., Emmaus, Pennsylvania (formerly with Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, University of Idaho); Hess: Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho; and Bechinski: Department of Plant, Soil and Entomological Sciences, University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho
Title:Occurrence and fate of pesticides in compost and composting systems: Literature review
Article Series:Occurrence, degradation and fate of pesticides during
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Source:Compost Science & Utilization. Vol. 8, No. 1, Winter 2000, p. 61-81.
Publishing Information:Emmaus, PA: JG Press
# of Pages:21
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Pesticides; Composting; Composts; Pesticide degradation; Pesticide residues; Insecticides; Carbamates; Degeneration; Decomposition; Chlordane; Lindane; 2,4-D; Captan; Pesticide fate; Clippings; Yard waste
Abstract/Contents:"This paper reviews the findings of research reported in the currently available literature regarding the occurrence and transformations of pesticides through the composting process and the use of compost. Part I summarizes the composting process, pesticides and mechanisms of pesticide degradation. Part II reviews research studies concerning the occurrence and fate of pesticides during composting. Investigations of pesticide residues in composting feedstocks and finished compost detected few of the target pesticides. The compounds that were found occurred at low concentrations. The majority of the compounds detected were insecticides in the organochlorine category, including chemicals that have been banned from use in the U.S. for many years. Generally, organophosophate and carbamate insecticides and most herbicides were rarely detected. Comparisons of pesticide concentrations before and after composting also showed organochlorine compounds to be most resistant to biodegeneration during composting. With some exceptions, pesticides in other categories decomposed moderately well to very well. Studies that followed the mechanisms of degradation indicate that mineralization accounts for only a small portion of pesticide disappearance. Other prominent fates include partial degradation to secondary compounds, absorbtion, humidification, and volatilization. In general the research results suggest that the pattern of pesticide degradation during composting is similar to the degradation observed in soils. With a few important distinctions, composting can be considered a biologically active soil environment in which degradation is accelerated. However, as some studies noted, composting does not always speed the degradation of all pesticides. The nature of the pesticide, specific composting and procedures, the microbial communities present, and the duration of composting affect the extent and the mechanisms of degradation."
See Also:See also Part I, "Occurrence, degradation, and fate of pesticides during composting: Composting, pesticides, and pesticide degradation," Compost Science & Utilization, 7(4) Autumn 1999, p. 66-82, R=62997 R=62997
See Also:Other items relating to: COMFAT

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ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
B├╝y├╝ks├Ânmez, F., R. Rynk, T. F. Hess, and E. Bechinski. 2000. Occurrence and fate of pesticides in compost and composting systems: Literature review. Compost Sci. Util. 8(1):p. 61-81.
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    Last checked: 10/01/2015
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MSU catalog number: TD 796.5 .C584
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