Full TGIF Record # 64634
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Author(s):Reinert, J. A.; Engelke, M. C.; Maranz, S. J.; Wiseman, B. R.
Author Affiliation:Reinert: Entomologist, Engelke: Turfgrass Genetics & Breeder, Texas A&M University Research & Extension Center at Dallas; Maranz: Research Associate, Entomology, Support Staff for Turfgrass Programs, Texas A&M University, TX; Wiseman: USDA - ARS, Tifton, GA
Title:Resistance to fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda, in buffalograss, Buchloe dactyloides
Section:Pests and pest management: Insects
Other records with the "Pests and pest management: Insects" Section
Source:Texas Turfgrass Research - 1998. 1998, p. .
# of Pages:5
Publishing Information:College Station, TX: Texas Agricultural Experiment Station
Series:Texas Turfgrass Consolidated Progress Reports TURF-98-1 thru TURF-98-30
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Pest resistance; Spodoptera frugiperda; Bouteloua dactyloides; Cultivar evaluation; Life cycle; Insect pests; Population dynamics; National Buffalograss Test-1996
Abstract/Contents:"Fifteen buffalograss, Buchloe dactyloides (Nutt.) Engelm., cultivars that are entered in the 1996 National Buffalograss Test conducted by the USDA National Turfgrass Evaluation Program were evaluated for resistance to the fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). 'Tifway' bermudagrass, Cynodon dactylon x C. transvaalensis (Burtt-Davy), was included in the study as a susceptible host for comparison of feeding activity and developmental time. Each of the Buchloe cultivars except UCR-95 and 'Stampede' provided significantly higher antibiosis (greater than 79%) of the confined larvae. Additionally, it took much longer for surviving individuals to pupate and reach the adult stage on most of these cultivars. All of the resistant cultivars are tetraploid or hexaploid with 'Bam 1000', 'Bison', 'Bonnie Brae', 'Cody', 'Midget', 'Prairie', 'Tatanka', 'Texoka', 86-61 and 378 providing greater than 95% mortality of the confined larvae before pupation. The susceptible UCR-95 and Stampede are both diploid. Larval mortality on these two cultivars was never significantly higher than on Tifway bermudagrass. The tetraploid B. dactyloides had varying degrees of resistance whereas the diploids were susceptible."
December 1998
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Reinert, J. A., M. C. Engelke, S. J. Maranz, and B. R. Wiseman. 1998. Resistance to fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda, in buffalograss, Buchloe dactyloides. Tex Turfgrass Res.
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