Full TGIF Record # 70291
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Author(s):Mancino, C. F.; Kopec, D. M.
Author Affiliation:Mancino: Assistant Professor; and Kopec: Extension Turf and Irrigated Pasture Grass Specialist, Plant Sciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ
Title:Effects of gypsum on a wastewater-irrigated turfgrass soil
Source:1989 Turfgrass and Ornamentals Research Summary[Arizona]. 1989, p. 39-45.
# of Pages:7
Publishing Information:Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Gypsum; Effluent water; Irrigation; Golf fairways; Golf courses; Sodium; Salinity; Quality; Application rates; Minerals; Nutrients; Soil pH; Electrical conductivity; Chemical properties of soil; Calcium sulfate; Calcium; Magnesium; Potassium; Sulfur
Abstract/Contents:"Secondarily treated wastewater is used extensively in the southwestern United States for turfgrass irrigation, but deterioration in soil quality can occur from sodium (Na) delivered by this water. Application of gypsum (CaSO₄2H₂O) at 2 240 kg ha⁻¹ yr⁻¹ is often recommended to control the Na. Research to determine if this rate is effective on effluent-irrigated turfgrass sites is lacking. A 2-yr study was carried out on a golf course fairway (typic torrifluvent soil) with a 10-yr history of effluent irrigation and elevated Na levels (800 mg kg⁻¹). Four rates of gypsum (0, 2 240, 4 480, and 8 960 kg ha⁻¹) were surface applied in November 1986 and 1987. Soil samples were collected every 3 months after treatment (MAT) and analyzed for Ca (total and water-soluble (WSCa)), Mg, K, Na, SO₄⁻¹-S (S), pH, and electrical conductivity (EC). Results showed elevated WSCa and S levels 3 and 6 MAT in both years. The two highest rates resulted in elevated S levels 12 MAT. During both years, gypsum at the two higher rates decreased Na levels within 3 MAT. The lowest application rate did not reduce Na levels until 12 MAT in 1987 and its effects were not as great. Following the second annual application, the 2 240 kg ha⁻¹ rate was as effective as the higher rates in reducing Na levels 6 and 12 MAT. Total Ca levels were not affected by gypsum but Mg and K levels did decrease. In both years, a temporary increase in EC and decrease in pH occurred after gypsum treatment. It appears that gypsum at 2 240 kg ha⁻¹ yr⁻¹ can be as effective as higher application rates in reducing Na in effluent-irrigated turf soil but only after two applications."
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Mancino, C. F., and D. M. Kopec. 1989. Effects of gypsum on a wastewater-irrigated turfgrass soil. Turfgrass Landscape Urban IPM Res. Summ. p. 39-45.
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