Full TGIF Record # 71931
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Publication Type:
Author(s):Hickey, M. J.; Hunt, W. F.; Murphy, J. W.
Author Affiliation:Hickey, Hunt, and Murphy: AgResearch Grasslands Private Bag, Palmerston North, New Zealand
Title:A nationwide survey of chemical use on bowling greens in New Zealand - an overview
Section:Technical paper
Other records with the "Technical paper" Section
Meeting Info.:Sydney, NSW, Australia: 20-25 July, 1997
Source:Proceedings of the 8th International Turfgrass Research Conference. Vol. 8, 1997, p. 105-115.
# of Pages:11
Publishing Information:Sydney, Australia: International Turfgrass Society
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Bowling greens; Pesticides; Pesticide use; Sports turf; Sports turf maintenance; Questionnaire surveys; Application rates; Pest control; Application frequency; Weed control; Herbicides; Cotula; Climatic factors; Environmental factors; Regional variation; Disease control; Nitrogen fertilization; Application timing; Moss control; Fungicides; Insecticides; Algae control; Insect control
Abstract/Contents:"The management of Lawn bowls greens in New Zealand is known to depend on herbicides and insecticides for dealing with problems of weeds, pests and diseases, but the extent of and trends in chemical use have not been critically examined. A survey was conducted to document the type of chemical, the frequency and rate of application, and the degree of problem control obtained for the period 1988 to 1993. Information was gathered on weed control ( grasses and broad weeds), moss and algal slime, insects and disease of cotula (Leptinella spp). There was a 64 % response from the 655 clubs surveyed, from which a computer database was generated with provision for analysis on regional and climatic bases. 90 % of the greens grew cotula. Chemical applications made to cotula greens differed between years but showed no relationship to time over the 5 year survey period. Two bowling centres recorded above average chemical applications that were not associated with climatic zone. The North Island recorded more chemical applications than the South for weed and pest control. Nitrogen fertilisation was the same for both Islands, did not affect the number of chemical applications, but did vary with climatic zone."
Geographic Terms:New Zealand
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Hickey, M. J., W. F. Hunt, and J. W. Murphy. 1997. A nationwide survey of chemical use on bowling greens in New Zealand - an overview. Int. Turfgrass Res. Conf. 8:p. 105-115.
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MSU catalog number: SB 433 .I52 no.8
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