Full TGIF Record # 74343
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Web URL(s):http://web.archive.org/web/20061205204057/http://www.uoguelph.ca/GTI/itsweb/proceedings.pdf#page=29
    Last checked: 05/23/2017
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Publication Type:
Content Type:Abstract or Summary only
Author(s):Kubik, C.; Sawkins, M.; Meyer, W. A.; Gaut, B. S.
Author Affiliation:Rutgers the State University of New Jersey
Title:Genetic diversity in seven perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) cultivars based on SSR markers
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Meeting Info.:Toronto, Ontario, Canada: 15-21 July, 2001
Source:IXth International Turfgrass Research Conference. Vol. 9, 2001, p. 57.
Publishing Information:[Toronto, Canada]: International Turfgrass Society
# of Pages:1
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Genetic diversity; Lolium perenne; Cultivar variation; Simple sequence repeats; Genetic markers; Genotypes; Differentiation; Identification
Cultivar Names:Loretta; Linn; Manhattan II; Affinity; Jet; Pennfine; Palmer III
Abstract/Contents:"An essential prerequisite to cultivar identification is to determine whether cultivars are differentiated genetically. We investigated genetic diversity among and within seven perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) cultivars (Loretta, Linn, Manhattan II, Affinity, Jet, Pennfine and Palmer III) using simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers, with the goal of determining whether cultivars could be differentiated on the basis of genetic data. In each cultivar we genotyped 30 individuals with 22 SSR markers, 18 of which had not been reported previously. Our results indicated that each of the seven cultivars contained high but similar levels of genetic diversity. Within-cultivar heterozygosity ranged from 0.589 to 0.643. The cultivars could be distinguished by a number of statistical criteria, including: i) a small but significant proportion (14.6%) of among - cultivar genetic variation, based on analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA); ii) significant between cultivar FST values that ranged from 0.065 to 0.197; iii) separation of individuals in principal component analysis (PCA), and iv) correct identification of individuals by the genotype assignment test, which is related to discriminate analysis. The genotype assignment test worked particularly well: it correctly assigned all 210 individuals to their cultivar of origin. Sampling analysis indicated that the genotype assignment requires data from at least 15 SSRs to be > 99% accurate, suggesting future studies of genetic diversity in perennial ryegrass cultivars should use at least 15 SSR markers. Overall, the SSRs reported in this paper were highly effective for differentiating among cultivars."
Note:This item is an abstract only!
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Kubik, C., M. Sawkins, W. A. Meyer, and B. S. Gaut. 2001. Genetic diversity in seven perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) cultivars based on SSR markers. Int. Turfgrass Res. Conf. 9:p. 57.
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    Last checked: 05/23/2017
    Requires: Adobe Acrobat
    Notes: Document is within a single large file
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