Full TGIF Record # 79412
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Author(s):Miele, S.; Volterrani, M.; Grossi, N.
Author Affiliation:Dipartimento di Agronomia e Gestione dell'Agroecosistema, Università di Pisa, Italy
Title:Warm season turfgrasses: Results of a five-year study in Tuscany
Source:Agricoltura Mediterranea. Vol. 130, 2000, p. 196-202.
# of Pages:7
Publishing Information:Pisa: Pacini
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Warm season turfgrasses; Drought resistance; Heat resistance; Salt tolerance; Morphology; Mowing height; Wear resistance; Cynodon dactylon; Cynodon transvaalensis; Color; Shoot density; Paspalum vaginatum; Stenotaphrum secundatum; Bouteloua dactyloides; Zoysia tenuifolia; Pennisetum clandestinum; Festuca arundinacea; Visual evaluation
Abstract/Contents:"Cool season turfgrass species are usually used to establish sports turfs and lawns in Tuscany, while warm season species are rarely adopted. These latter may exhibit stress resistances (drought, heat and salinity) through morphological (such as deep root system) and physiological mechanisms. They also tolerate low mowing height and severe wear. However they loose chlorophyll when temperatures falls [fall] below 0¬įC. In this research, 13 species of warm season turfgrasses, and 2 cool season turfgrasses as controls were studied, in irrigated and non-irrigated plots. Trials were carried out in Pisa from 1994 to 1999. Measurements and assessments included: turf quality, color, shoot density, recovery capacity of damaged turf areas, length of brown period and leaf width. Cynodon dactylon x transvaalensis Burtt. Davy showed good color, high shoot density, narrow leaf and excellent recovery capacity. Paspalum vaginatum Swartz exhibited high drought resistance and turf quality and mean recovery capacity. Zoysia spp. showed excellent turf quality, but was limited by slow growth, especially the species with narrow leaves. Stenotaphrum secundatum (Walt.) Kuntze and Pennisetum clandestinum Chior. showed low turf quality and cold tolerance. Buchlo√ę dactyloides Nutt. Engelm. exhibited poor turf quality. Seeded cultivars quality was lower than vegetatively propagated cultivars. The brown period ranged between one month for Zoysia tenuifolia Trin. to 4 months for Pennisetum clandestinum. Festuca arundinacea Schreb. showed lower summer quality and shoot density than the best warm season turfgrasses; it also exhibited scanty recovery capacity, high leaf width but dark green color even in winter time. Bermudagrasses (especially hybrid), Paspalum vaginatum and Zoysies seem to be the species most suitable for widespread use in Tuscany. On the other hand, Festuca arundinacea, for its tolerance to high temperature and water stress, could be adopted where winter dormancy of warm season turfgrasses is unacceptable."
Geographic Terms:Tuscany
See Also:Other items relating to: Seashore Paspalum - Since 2000

Other items relating to: SALTP
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Miele, S., M. Volterrani, and N. Grossi. 2000. Warm season turfgrasses: Results of a five-year study in Tuscany. Agricoltura Mediterranea. 130:p. 196-202.
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