Full TGIF Record # 8802
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Web URL(s):http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2494.1986.tb01809.x/epdf
    Last checked: 10/02/2015
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Publication Type:
i
Refereed
Author(s):Hopkins, A.
Author Affiliation:Permanent Grassland Department, The Animal and Grassland Research Institute
Title:Botanical Composition of Permanent Grassland in England and Wales in Relation to Soil, Environment and Management Factors
Source:Grass and Forage Science. Vol. 41, No. 3, September 1986, p. 237-246.
Publishing Information:Oxford, Blackwell Scientific Publications
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Soils; Environment; Lolium perenne; Agrostis; Holcus lanatus; Trifolium repens; Festuca rubra subsp. rubra; Poa trivialis; Rumex; Grassland management
Abstract/Contents:"Grassland in England and Wales accounts for nearly 60% of the enclosed agricultural land and approximately 50% is at least 20 years old. Botanical composition, especially amongst older grassland, is extremely variable. A survey of 502 grassland farms was conducted in the 1970's. Factors affecting botanical composition of individual fields have been investigated using correlation and regression analyses and swards of similar botanical composition grouped using cluster analysis. Lolium perenne, Agrostis spp. and Holcus lanatus were numerically the most important species, contributing, on average, 35%, 21% and 10% respectively. Most older swards contained Lolium perenne and Agrostis spp. in varying proportions depending on drainage, soil fertility and management. Swards containing a significant proportion of Trifolium repens were associated with adequate drainage, good soil nutrient status, low inputs of fertilizer nitrogen and hard grazing. Of the other common species Holcus lanatus was associated with poor drainage, low soil fertility, hay cutting, short-season grazing and low fertilizer N. Festuca rubra was mainly in older swards, at higher elevations and with low fertilizer N but heavy stocking. Swards containing Rumex spp., Poa trivialis and other sown grasses were associated with mowing together with reasonably high soil fertility."
Language:English
References:31
Note:Tables
Figures
Geographic Terms:England and Wales
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Hopkins, A. 1986. Botanical Composition of Permanent Grassland in England and Wales in Relation to Soil, Environment and Management Factors. Grass Forage Sci. 41(3):p. 237-246.
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Web URL(s):
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2494.1986.tb01809.x/epdf
    Last checked: 10/02/2015
    Requires: PDF Reader
    Access conditions: Item is within a limited-access website
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MSU catalog number: SB 197 .B7
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