Full TGIF Record # 89524
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Web URL(s):https://gsrpdf.lib.msu.edu/?file=/2000s/2003/030727.pdf
    Last checked: 01/25/2017
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Author(s):Paton, Peter W. C.; Egan, Robert S.
Author Affiliation:Paton: Ph.D. and Associate Professor, Department of Natural Resources Science, University of Rhode Island, Rhode Island; and Egan: Wetland and Wildlife Ecologist, ENSR, Westford, Massachusetts
Title:Strategies to maintain amphibian populations on golf courses: Exploring the roles of golf courses in the environment
Section:Research you can use
Other records with the "Research you can use" Section
Source:USGA Green Section Record. Vol. 41, No. 4, July/August 2003, p. 27-31.
Publishing Information:Far Hills, NJ: United States Golf Association, Green Section
# of Pages:5
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Golf courses in the environment; Golf courses; Bioindicators; Ponds; Life cycle; Habitats; Fish; Mowing height; Migration; Golf course design; Buffer zones; Wildlife
Abstract/Contents:Discusses the decline in amphibian populations, explaining that "a variety of factors have been implicated in these declines (e.g., introduced predators, fertilizers, pollutants, and UV-B radiation in sunlight), and one of the leading factors is the impact of habitat fragmentation on pond-breeding amphibians." Discusses various aspects of the environment that can impact amphibian populations, such as changes in microclimate and microhabitat and fragmented landscapes, such as golf courses. Describes the mating process for amphibians that breed in ponds, explaining that "ponds are often used by adults only for mating and depositing eggs, and by larvae during devlepment until metamorphosis." Explains the migration patterns of pond-breeding amphibians, explaining that they "migrate twice a year, once from their non-breeding habitat to the breeding pond, and then back to their non-breeding territory at the completion of the breeding season." Details an experiment done to assess pond-breeding amphibians' use of ponds on golf courses, reporting that "if you want to maintain the entire amphibian community on your golf course, you have to maintain ponds with a variety of hydroperiods on or adjacent to the course." Details an experiment done to assess whether grass height affects movement behavior of amphibians, reporting that "grass height, at least in the height range we quantified, that is typical of current golf courses in North America does not hinder or enhance amphibian movements." Details an observational study to assess the influence of habitat on movement behavior of amphibians, reporting that "habitat associations of pond-breeding amphibian species during migration are similar to those during the non-breeding season. Species that reside during the non-breeding season and winter in forest habitats...tend to migrate through forested habitats and avoid open expanses, such as fairways."
See Also:See also related article "Keeping all the pieces: Restoring natural processes on golf courses" United States Golf Association website, July 2013, p. [1-2], R=224780. R=224780
See Also:Other items relating to: Buffer Zones
Note:Pictures, color
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Paton, P. W. C., and R. S. Egan. 2003. Strategies to maintain amphibian populations on golf courses: Exploring the roles of golf courses in the environment. USGA Green Sec. Rec. 41(4):p. 27-31.
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    Last checked: 01/25/2017
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MSU catalog number: SB 433.15 .U84
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