Full TGIF Record # 94151
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Web URL(s):http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1081/CSS-120027634
    Last checked: 10/15/2015
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Publication Type:
i
Report
Author(s):Mulvaney, R. L.; Yaremych, S. A.; Khan, S. A.; Swiader, J. M.; Horgan, B. P.
Author Affiliation:Mulvaney, Yaremych, Khan and Swiader: Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois; Horgan: Department of Horticulture Science, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota
Title:Use of diffusion to determine soil cation-exchange capacity by ammonium saturation
Source:Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis. Vol. 35, No. 1/2, January 2004, p. 51-67.
# of Pages:17
Publishing Information:New York, NY: Marcel Dekker
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Cation exchange capacity; Ammonia; Soil testing
Abstract/Contents:"Soil cation-exchange capacity (CEC) is often determined by NH4 saturation, using a 1 M solution of NH4C2H3O2 at pH 7. A study was conducted to ascertain whether this determination can be performed by employing a simple diffusion technique previously developed for direct inorganic-N analysis of soils. Values obtained for 10 diverse Illinois surface soils following overnight NH4 saturation were correlated very highly with CEC data collected for the same samples on the basis of NH4 analyses by steam distillation (r=0.999, P<0.001) or colorimetry (r=0.999, P<0.001), and also with data obtained by summing atomic absorbtion measurements of calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), and potassium (K) displaced during NH4 saturation (r=0.811, P<0.01). As a much more rapid and convenient alternative to existing methods for preparation of NH4-saturated soil, a simple saturation technique was developed whereby 0.500 g of soil was leached under vacuum with 15 mL of 1 M NH4C2H3O2 (pH 7) in a 10-mL disposable syringe containing a stainless-steel frit, and then with 30-mL of 2-propanol. After drying for a few minutes, the soil sample was transferred to a 473-mL (1-pint) wide-mouth Mason jar, treated with 10 mL of 2 M KCl, and analyzed for exchangeable NH4 by diffusion with MgO for 1.75 h at 45-50°C on a hot plate. Except for a calcareous soil, CEC measurements by rapid saturation-diffusion approach did not differ significantly (P<0.05) from diffusion data involving overnight NH4 saturation. This approach allows CEC determinations to be accomplished in a few hours instead of days, and will be especially useful for routine soil characterization and testing."
Language:English
References:27
Note:Tables
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Mulvaney, R. L., S. A. Yaremych, S. A. Khan, J. M. Swiader, and B. P. Horgan. 2004. Use of diffusion to determine soil cation-exchange capacity by ammonium saturation. Commun. Soil. Sci. Plant Anal. 35(1/2):p. 51-67.
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Web URL(s):
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1081/CSS-120027634
    Last checked: 10/15/2015
    Requires: PDF Reader
    Access conditions: Item is within a limited-access website
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