Full TGIF Record # 94385
Item 1 of 1
Web URL(s):http://usgatero.msu.edu/v02/n22.pdf
    Last checked: 4/2004
    Requires: PDF Reader
Publication Type:
Author(s):Maier, Reid M.; Potter, Daniel A.
Author Affiliation:Department of Entomology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky
Title:Nuisance ants on golf courses
Source:USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online. Vol. 2, No. 22, November 15 2003, p. [1-7].
Publishing Information:Far Hills, NJ: United States Golf Association, Green Section
# of Pages:7
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Formicidae; Lasius neoniger; Pest profile; Life cycle; Ant control; Buffer zones; Collar; Golf greens; Sand-based golf greens; Golf courses
Abstract/Contents:"Mound-building nuisance ants have become one of the most troublesome pests in golf course maintenance. Knowledge of their biology is important in establishing a control strategy for golf course putting greens. University of Kentucky researchers have found: Most of the nuisance ant problems on golf courses in the cool-season and transitional zones seem to be caused by Lasius neoniger, the so-called turfgrass ant. Researchers determined that mound building started in February or March, increased rapidly in April and May, and declined by late summer. Ants are the main predators of white grub eggs in the soil, as well as eggs and small larvae of cutworms, sod webworms, and other turf insects. Lasius ant mounds are concentrated around the edges of sand-based greens. More than 90% of mounds on greens were located within 2 meters (6.5 feet) of perimeter, and only 3% were more than 3 meters (10 feet) into the green. Turf ants have a mutualistic relationship with root aphids which they maintain in their nests and “tend” like dairy cattle, feeding on the aphids’ sugary excrement. Root aphids are abundant in native soil, but largely absent from high-sand rootzone greens. Maintaining access to root aphids may explain, in part, why ant nests are distributed around the edges of greens. Research will test whether controlling the aphids will discourage ants from nesting. Queen ant emergence is synchronized in late summer. Researchers are testing whether treating a narrow buffer zone just outside the collar will intercept new queens, prevent nest establishment, and reduce ant problems the following year.
See Also:the USGA Research Summary for this research project R=93199

See also related article "Muchos hormigas en los verdes, no bueno" Stockton Golf & CC Turf Page, July 17 2011, p. [1-2], R=199227. R=199227
See Also:Other items relating to: Buffer Zones
See Also:Other Reports from this USGA research project: 1998-29-137; 2000-01-168
Note:Summary as abstract
Pictures, color & b/w
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Maier, R. M., and D. A. Potter. 2003. Nuisance ants on golf courses. USGA Turfgrass Environ. Res. Online. 2(22):p. [1-7].
Fastlink to access this record outside TGIF: https://tic.msu.edu/tgif/flink?recno=94385
If there are problems with this record, send us feedback about record 94385.
Choices for finding the above item:
Web URL(s):
    Last checked: 4/2004
    Requires: PDF Reader
Find Item @ MSU
MSU catalog number: SB 433 .A1 A65 [online]
Find from within TIC:
   Digitally in TIC by record number.
Request through your local library's inter-library loan service (bring or send a copy of this TGIF record)