Full TGIF Record # 96525
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Web URL(s):http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1081/CSS-120037550
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Author(s):Shewmaker, Glenn E.; Johnson, Douglas A.; Mayland, Henry F.; Martin, Scott A.; Hansen, Susie B.
Author Affiliation:Shewmaker: University of Idaho, Twin Falls Center, Twin Falls, Idaho; Johnson: USDA-ARS Forage and Range Research Lab, Utah State University, Logan, Utah; Mayland and Hansen: USDA-ARS, Northwest Irrigation and Soils Res. Lab, Kimberly, Idaho; and Martin: Animal and Dairy Science Complex, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia
Title:Elemental uptake in relation to root characteristics of tall fescue
Source:Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis. Vol. 35, No. 9/10, May 2004, p. 1339-1355.
# of Pages:17
Publishing Information:New York, NY: Marcel Dekker
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Nutrient uptake; Festuca arundinacea; Roots; Magnesium; Root length; Root zone; Potassium; Phosphorus; Granules; Calcium
Cultivar Names:HiMag
Abstract/Contents:"HiMag, an accession of tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.), was selected for high magnesium (Mg) concentration in leaves to reduce grass tetany risk to ruminants. However, the mechanism for enhanced Mg uptake in HiMag leaves has not been determined. The objective was to investigate if increased Mg uptake in HiMag could be explained by differences in elemental distribution among plant parts, root characteristics, or organic acid concentrations compared to its parental cultivars, "Kentucky 31" (KY31) and "Missouri 96" (MO96). The study was conducted on a surface-irrigated calcareous Portneuf silt loam (coarse-silty, mixed, mesic, Durinodic Xeric Haplocalcid). Vegetation and soil cores of 7.6-cm diameter were sampled to a 45-cm soil depth in 15-cm increments. Mass and ash were determined for leaves, crowns, and roots. Leaf area, rooth length, root area, root length density, elemental concentration, and uptake [potassium (K), calcium (Ca), Mg, sodium (Na), and phosphorus (P)], and malate and citrate concentrations also were determined. Leaf Mg concentration was higher in HiMag than parental cultivars. HiMag generally did not differ in crown and root elemental concentrations from its parents. Risk of causing grass tetany, indicated by leaf K/(Ca + Mg), was lower in HiMag than KY31 and MO96 in both 1994 (P = 0.03) and 1995 (P = 0.01). Root length, area, and mass were not related to cation concentrations in the three tall fescue accessions, suggesting that HiMag may have an active uptake or transport mechanism for Mg."
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Shewmaker, G. E., D. A. Johnson, H. F. Mayland, S. A. Martin, and S. B. Hansen. 2004. Elemental uptake in relation to root characteristics of tall fescue. Commun. Soil. Sci. Plant Anal. 35(9/10):p. 1339-1355.
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    Last checked: 10/15/2015
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