Full TGIF Record # 97698
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Author(s):Pimentel, David; Stachow, Ulrich; Takacs, David A.; Brubaker, Hans W.; Dumas, Amy R.; Meaney, John J.; O'Neil, John A. S.; Onsi, Douglas E.; Corzilius, David B.
Author Affiliation:Pimentel: Professor of Insect Ecology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York; Stachow: Postdoctoral Associate, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York ; Takacs: Graduate Student, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York; Brubaker, Dumas, Meaney, O'Neil, Onsi, Corzilius: College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York
Title:Conserving biological diversity in agricultural/forestry systems: Most biological diversity exists in human-managed ecosystems
Source:BioScience. Vol. 42, No. 5, May 1992, p. 354-362.
# of Pages:9
Publishing Information:[Washington, DC]: American Institute of Biological Sciences
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Biodiversity; Ecology; Conservation; Ecosystems; Soil microorganisms; Animal manures; Pastures; Pesticide use
Abstract/Contents:Discusses the importance of maintaining biological diversity among all of Earths' species. Discusses the human dependency of agricultural productivity. Addresses information about laws established by the government to increase biodiversity. Explains that "...the prime focus of world biological conservation has been on protecting national parks..." Presents a study "in Italy... of the number of aboveground arthropod predators associated with trees in a forest..." Discusses the susceptibility of smaller organisms in comparison to larger animals due to their more specialized habitat and eating habits. Discusses the causes of reduced diversity among species. Describes the devastation caused by deforestation in tropical forests. Stresses how biodiversity can positively impact the economy. Discusses how intercrops help conserve soil and water resources, which helps increase animal diversity. Provides information about shelter belts and idealistic ways to use them in regards to hedgerows. Addresses the use of high-quality soils to increase plant productivity and biodiversity. Provides information about livestock manure and ways to properly use the manure effectively. Discusses the purpose of habitat diversity an association with plants, organisms and other aspectts of the ecosystem. Defines agroforestry and its importance in agriculture and in preventing erosion. Addresses the concepts of mixed forests, pasture management, a stable ecosystem, and the use of pesticides and other toxic chemicals. Encourages the use of combined efforts in agriculture and forest environments to improve biological diversity.
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Pimentel, D., U. Stachow, D. A. Takacs, H. W. Brubaker, A. R. Dumas, J. J. Meaney, et al. 1992. Conserving biological diversity in agricultural/forestry systems: Most biological diversity exists in human-managed ecosystems. BioScience. 42(5):p. 354-362.
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