Full TGIF Record # 97761
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Web URL(s):http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/ftinterface~content=a713647997~fulltext=713240928
    Last checked: 05/08/2007
    Access conditions: Item is within a limited-access website
Publication Type:
i
Report
Author(s):Fu, Jinmin; Huang, Bingru
Author Affiliation:Department of Plant Biology and Plant Pathology, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey
Title:Effects of foliar application of nutrients on heat tolerance of creeping bentgrass
Source:Journal of Plant Nutrition. Vol. 26, No. 1, 2003, p. 81-96.
# of Pages:16
Publishing Information:New York: Marcel Dekker, Inc.
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Fertilization; Heat resistance; Temperatures; Foliar feeding; Agrostis stolonifera; Nutrients; Heat stress; Superoxide dismutase; Catalase; Shoot growth
Cultivar Names:Penncross
Abstract/Contents:"This study was designed to investigate physiological responses of creeping bentgrass (Agrostis palustris Huds.) to foliar application of nutrients under heat stress. "Penncross" plants were exposed to two temperature regimes in growth chambers: optimum temperature control (20/15°C, day/night) and heat stress (35/30°C). A 10 mL solution of CaCl2 (10mM), KH2PO4 (10mM), NH4NO3 (124mM), or water (untreated control) was sprayed to the foliage of plants at 0, 14, and 28 d of heat stress. Turf quality, shoot growth rate, canopy net photosynthetic rate (Pn), leaf chlorophyll content, and photochemical efficiency (Fv/Fm) declined during heat stress, regardless of nutrient treatments. The activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and hydrogen peroxidase (POD) were suppressed, but the content of a lipid peroxidation product, malondialdehyde (MDA) was increased with heat stress. Foliar application of CaCl2 and KH2PO4 helped to maintain a higher Fv/Fm, shoot growth rate, and turf quality than untreated plants. Foliar application of NH4NO3 increased Pn, chlorophyll content, Fv/Fm, and turf quality under heat stress. None of the nutrient solutions had significant effects on SOD activity during heat stress; however, all three nutrients increased CAT and POD activity and reduced MDA content at different times of heat stress. These results demonstrated that foliar application CaCl2, KH2PO4, or NH4NO3 improved heat tolerance of creeping bentgrass to some extent by slowing leaf senescence and maintaining photosynthetic activities. The alleviating effects of foliar application of CaCl2, KH2PO4, or NH4NO3 on heat injury in creeping bentgrass was related to the maintenance of the scavenging ability of antioxidants and inhibition of lipid peroxidation."
Language:English
References:32
Note:Graphs
See Also:Other items relating to: Foliar Feeding & Uptake
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Fu, J., and B. Huang. 2003. Effects of foliar application of nutrients on heat tolerance of creeping bentgrass. J. Plant Nutr. 26(1):p. 81-96.
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Web URL(s):
http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/ftinterface~content=a713647997~fulltext=713240928
    Last checked: 05/08/2007
    Access conditions: Item is within a limited-access website
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