A cooperative project of the United States Golf Association and the Michigan State University Libraries' Turfgrass Information Center
All information provided within the Turfgrass Information
online system is for educational purposes only.
information resources are intended for use by an audience capable
of information evaluation, given that a wide range of opinions are present
in the database, including contradictions, controversial, and/or outdated
conclusions. Such is the nature of professional and research literature!
TIC makes a diligent
effort to provide complete and accurate representation of the turfgrass
and other literature in its databases. However,
does not guarantee the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any
information and makes no warranties or representations of any kind,
express or implied, including but not limited to warranties of or
fitness for a particular purpose.
disclaims all liability for errors or omissions that may exist and shall not
be liable for any incidental, consequential or other damages (whether
resulting from negligence or otherwise) including, without limitation,
exemplary damages or lost profits arising out of or in connection with
the use of the TIC
Databases. Errors or omissions should be reported to the
Turfgrass Information Center
366 W. Circle Drive
Michigan State University
East Lansing, MI 48824 USA
References to commercial products or trade names do not constitute an
endorsement by Michigan State University nor bias against those not
Database contents may not be resold, in any media format, without permission
Some material in the databases or electronic archives is from copyrighted
publications of the respective copyright claimants and cooperators. Users
of the database are referred to the publication data appearing in the
bibliographic citations, as well as to the copyright notices appearing
in the original publication. Copyright and source acknowledgment is
required for all downloaded material.
Materials made available through the courtesy of the United States Golf
Green Section are subject to restrictions.
Please note: The Turfgrass Information Center does not diagnose,
recommend, interpret, synthesize, evaluate or advise on turfgrass