Full TGIF Record # 135545
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Web URL(s):https://archive.lib.msu.edu/tic/gcman/article/2008may118.pdf
    Last checked: 09/30/2008
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Author(s):Landreth, Josh; Karcher, Doug; Richardson, Mike
Author Affiliation:Landreth: Research Technician; Karcher: Associate Professor; Richardson: Professor, Department of Horticulture, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas
Title:Cultivating to manage organic matter in sand-based greens: Aggressive verticutting removed more organic matter from greens, but core-aerated greens recovered more quickly
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Source:Golf Course Management. Vol. 76, No. 5, May 2008, p. 118-122.
# of Pages:5
Publishing Information:Lawrence, KS: Golf Course Superintendents Association of America
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Root zone; Sand-based golf greens; Vertical mowing; Cultivation methods; Cultivation program; Coring; Organic matter; Debris removal; Turf recovery; Quality; Aerification cores; Comparisons
Abstract/Contents:Discusses the practice of cultivating, stating that "cultivation techniques may be effective in reducing organic matter and maintaing desirable root-zone physical properties. Verticutting equipment has been demonstrated to aggressively cut channels through surface organic layers in greens, removing more organic matter than traditional core-aeration treatments." Suggests that using more closely spaced tines in core-aeration "may allow for a more aggressive approach to controlling organic matter without the limitations associated with aggressive verticutting." Details an experiment conducted in 2003 at the University of Arkansas Research and Extension Center in Fayetteville, Arkansas, explaining that "the day before cultivation treatments were applied, in each plot, the percentage or organic matter was measured in the top 1 inch of surface soil, and from 1 inch deep to the depth of cultivation. Immediately following cultivation treatments, scoop shovels were used to collect the debris...from each plot." Reports that "although it was not as effective as verticutting in removing large amounts of organic matter from the root zone, core-aeration - especially with shorter tines - was more efficient in completely penetrating the organic matter layer without bringing excess sand to the surface." Concludes that "core-aeration with closely spaced tines may be better suited to more-general maintenance of surface organic matter for greens that must return to a high level of quality shortly after cultivation."
See Also:See also Original Article "Cultivating to manage organic matter in sand-based putting greens" USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online, 6(19) October 1 2007, p. [1-7] R=128563 R=128563
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ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Landreth, J., D. Karcher, and M. Richardson. 2008. Cultivating to manage organic matter in sand-based greens: Aggressive verticutting removed more organic matter from greens, but core-aerated greens recovered more quickly. Golf Course Manage. 76(5):p. 118-122.
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    Last checked: 09/30/2008
    Requires: PDF Reader
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