Full TGIF Record # 158162
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Web URL(s):http://a-c-s.confex.com/crops/2009am/webprogram/Paper55591.html
    Last checked: 12/09/2009
Publication Type:
i
Report
Content Type:Abstract or Summary only
Author(s):Slavens, Mark; Petrovic, A. Martin
Author Affiliation:Slavens: Horticulture; Petrovic: Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY
Title:Water quality as a result of lawn cover and management intensity
Section:Graduate student oral competition: IV
Other records with the "Graduate student oral competition: IV" Section
Meeting Info.:Pittsburgh, PA: November 1-5, 2009
Source:2009 International Annual Meetings: [Abstracts][ASA-CSSA-SSSA]. 2009, p. 55591.
# of Pages:1
Publishing Information:[Madison, WI]: American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science Society of America
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Drainage channels; Fertilization rates; Fertilizer loss; Leaching; Poa pratensis; Precipitation rate; Surface runoff
Abstract/Contents:"The application of fertilizers and pesticides can improve turf density, root structure, and increase water infiltration rate and uptake, potentially reducing nutrient loss through leaching and runoff compared to a landscape that receives no inputs. Thirty two plots having 6 to 8% slopes were constructed in 2007 under highly compacted conditions to study runoff and leaching dynamics of eight different lawn types and management programs. Treatments ranged from 100% Poa pratensis (Kentucky bluegrass) treated with fertilizer, herbicides, and irrigation, to plots containing 80-90% broadleaf weeds or 80-90% annual grassy weeds that are only mowed weekly in order to simulate a wide range of possible lawn types. Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) pipe (61 cm diameter by 91.4 cm in length) was placed at the top of each plot to create a free draining lysimeters. A channel drain gutter was placed with a 0.5% slope at the base of each plot to collect runoff. Water samples from all plots were analyzed for NH4+-N, NO3--N, total N, orthophosphate and total P using colorimetric methods. Variations in seasonal precipitation influenced the amount of nutrients lost in runoff and leachate. The highest runoff volumes occurred within the first several months of establishment when infiltration rates were low due to compacted conditions and lawns were not thoroughly established. This contributed to large mass loss of nutrients in plots containing less dense canopies (i.e. annual grasses) or in fertilized plots that had higher concentrations of nutrients in runoff. Phosphorous was the predominate nutrient lost from plots in runoff while there were some losses of ammonium nitrogen following fertilization. Nitrate nitrogen loss predominated in leachate, and losses were predominately driven by winter precipitation. Plots which receive no fertilization had similar mass losses to fertilized plots due to larger volumes of water lost to runoff and leachate."
Language:English
References:0
See Also:See also related article "Water quality as a result of lawn cover and management intensity" 2nd European Turfgrass Society Conference Proceedings, vol. 2 May 21, 2010 R=166296 R=166296
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Slavens, M., and A. M. Petrovic. 2009. Water quality as a result of lawn cover and management intensity. Int. Ann. Meet. p. 55591.
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http://a-c-s.confex.com/crops/2009am/webprogram/Paper55591.html
    Last checked: 12/09/2009
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