Full TGIF Record # 242180
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DOI:10.1016/j.landurbplan.2014.02.003
Web URL(s):http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169204614000279
    Last checked: 05/21/2014
    Access conditions: Item is within a limited-access website
Publication Type:
i
Report
Author(s):Shuster, W. D.; Dadio, S.; Drohan, P.; Losco, R.; Shaffer, J.
Author Affiliation:Shuster: National Risk Management Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati; Drohan: Pennsylvania State University, University Park; Losco: Lanchester Soil Consultants Inc., West Grove, PA; Shaffer: School of Natural Resources, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH; Dadio: Cedarville Engineering Group, LLC, N. Coventry
Title:Residential demolition and its impact on vacant lot hydrology: Implications for the management of stormwater and sewer system overflows
Source:Landscape and Urban Planning. Vol. 125, May 2014, p. 48-56.
# of Pages:9
Publishing Information:Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Effluent water; Hydrology; Runoff control; Soil contamination; Soil properties; Soil water movement; Stormwater management; Urban habitat; Urban landscaping; Waste management
Abstract/Contents:"Increased residential demolitions have made vacant lots a ubiquitous feature of the contemporary urban landscape. Vacant lots may provide ecosystem services such as stormwater runoff capture, but the extent of these functions will be regulated by soil hydrology. We evaluated soil physical and hydrologic characteristics at each of low- (backyard, fenceline) and high-disturbance (within the demolition footprint) positions in 52 vacant lots in Cleveland, OH, which were the result of different eras of demolition process and quality (i.e., pre-1996, post-1996). Penetrometer refusal averaged 56% (range: 15-100%) and was attributed to high concentration of remnant buried debris in anthropogenic backfill soils. Both disturbance level and demolition type significantly regulated infiltration rate to an average of 1.8 cm h-1 (range: 0.03-10.6 cm h-1). Sub-surface saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ksat) averaged higher at 4.0 cm h-1 (range: 0-68.2 cm h-1), was influenced by a significant interaction between both disturbance and demolition factors, and controlled by subsurface soil texture and presence/absence of unconsolidated buried debris. Our observations were synthesized in rainfall-runoff models that simulated average, high- and low-hydrologic functioning, turf-dominated, and a prospective green infrastructure simulation, which indicated that although the typical Cleveland vacant lot is a net producer of runoff volume, straightforward change in demolition policy and process, coupled with reutilization as properly designed and managed infiltration-type green infrastructure may result in a vacant lot that has sufficient capacity for detention of the average annual rainfall volume for a major Midwestern US city."
Language:English
References:30
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ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Shuster, W. D., S. Dadio, P. Drohan, R. Losco, and J. Shaffer. 2014. Residential demolition and its impact on vacant lot hydrology: Implications for the management of stormwater and sewer system overflows. Landscape Urban Plan. 125:p. 48-56.
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DOI: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2014.02.003
Web URL(s):
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169204614000279
    Last checked: 05/21/2014
    Access conditions: Item is within a limited-access website
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