Full TGIF Record # 26804
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Author(s):Wheeler, D. M.; Edmeades, D. C.; Christie, R. A.; Gardner, R.
Author Affiliation:Ruakura Agricultural Centre, Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Private Bag, Hamilton, NZ; Department of Molecular Biology, Auckland University, Private Bag, Auckland, NZ
Title:Effect of aluminium on the growth of 34 plant species: A summary of results obtained in low ionic strength solution culture
Source:Plant and Soil. Vol. 146, No. 1/2, October 1992, p. 61-66.
# of Pages:6
Publishing Information:Dordrecht, Netherland: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
Related Web URL:http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF00011996
    Last checked: 10/14/2015
    Notes: Abstract only
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Aluminum; Cereals; Legumes; Resistance; Cynosurus cristatus; Triticum aestivum; Lolium; Trifolium; Phalaris; Festuca; Growth
Abstract/Contents:"The results from many experiments conducted over 5 years to determine the tolerance of 34 plant species (87 cultivars) to aluminium (Al) are summarised. All experiments were conducted in a temperature-controlled glasshouse using a low-ionic-strength solution culture technique. The activity of Al3+ (uM) at which top yields were reduced by 50% (AlRY50) was determined for each cultivar. The species Bromus wildenowii, Cynosurus cristatus, Hordeum vulgare, Triticum aestivum (cvs Warigal, Scout, Sonora-63), Avena Byzantina, Arabidopsis thaliana, Lycopersicon esculentum, and Nicotiana plumbaginifolia were all very sensitive to Al (AlRY50<1). The species Poa pratense, Lolium perenne (NZ-derived cultivars) Lotus corniculatus, Avena sativa (cvs West, Carbeen, Camellia and Coolabah), Triticum aestivum (cvs Cardinal and Waalt), Allium cepa and Asparagus officinalis were sensitive to Al (AlRY50 1-2). The pasture grass species Lolium perenne (Australian and European derived cultivars), Lolium hybridum and Lolium multiflorum, Dactylis glomerata (Apanui and Kara), Phalaris aquatica, Festuca arundinacea and the pasture legumes species Trifolium pratense, Trifolium repens and Trifolium subterraneum were all moderately sensitive to Al (AlRY50 2-5). Other species that were also moderately sensitive included Triticum aestivum (cvs Atlas-66, BH146, and Carazinho), Avena sativa (cvs Swan and Blackbutt), Avena Strigosa, Petunia x and Phaseolus vulgaris (cvs Red Kidney, Black Turtle and Haricot). The most tolerant species (AlRY50>5) were (in order of increasing tolerance) Phaseolus vulgaris (cvs Tendergreen, The Prince and Yatescrop), Cucurbita maxima, Dactylis glomerata (cv Wana), Paspalum dilatatum, Lotus pedunculatus, Ehrharta calycina, Medicago sativa, Holcus lanatus, Festuca rubra, Phaseolus lunatus and Agrostis tenuis. Agrostis tenuis was at least twice as tolerant as the next most tolerant species (AlRY50>30 compared to 15.6)."
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Wheeler, D. M., D. C. Edmeades, R. A. Christie, and R. Gardner. 1992. Effect of aluminium on the growth of 34 plant species: A summary of results obtained in low ionic strength solution culture. Plant Soil. 146(1/2):p. 61-66.
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