Full TGIF Record # 290370
Item 1 of 1
Web URL(s):https://scisoc.confex.com/scisoc/2017am/webprogram/Paper104764.html
    Last checked: 10/13/2017
    Notes: Abstract only
Publication Type:
Content Type:Abstract or Summary only
Author(s):Prasad, Vara
Author Affiliation:Sustainable Intensification Innovation Lab, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS
Title:Response of food grain crops to changing environments
Section:C02 Crop Physiology and Metabolism
Other records with the "C02 Crop Physiology and Metabolism" Section

Martin and Ruth Massengale lectureship
Other records with the "Martin and Ruth Massengale lectureship" Section
Meeting Info.:Tampa, Florida: October 22-25, 2017
Source:ASA, CSSA and SSSA International Annual Meetings. 2017, p. 104764.
Publishing Information:[Milwaukee, Wisconsin]: [American Society of Agronomy and the Entomological Society of America]
# of Pages:1
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Climatic change; Crops; Environmental factors; Growth analysis; Reproduction; Temperature response; Temperature stress
Abstract/Contents:"Crop production is highly sensitive to changing environmental conditions. In recent years long-term climate change and year-to-year climate variability has become a major challenge to crop productivity. Current knowledge on effects of season-long high temperatures and elevated carbon dioxide concentrations; and effects of short periods of high temperature stress on various physiological, growth and yield processes will be presented and discussed. Main focus will be on major grain crops (rice, wheat, sorghum, groundnut). Results indicate that above optimum temperatures will have negative impacts on reproductive processes (such as pollen production, pollen germination, fertilization, seed numbers and individual seed weight) resulting in lower seed yield. The beneficial effects of elevated carbon dioxide mediated through increased photosynthesis will be negated by rising temperatures resulting in lower seed yields. Grain crops are most sensitive to high temperature stress during gametogenesis and flowering. High temperature stress during these stages leads to loss of gamete fertility, poor pollination, decreased fertilization and embryo abortion resulting in fewer seed numbers. Development of high temperature tolerant cultivars will be of prime importance for adaptation to climate change and climate variability. Genetic variability exists for high temperature tolerance in grain crops. Some physiological traits that may contribute to high temperature tolerance include increased membrane thermostability, increased green leaf duration, canopy temperature depression, optimum respiration, higher reproductive fertility, early morning flowering, and faster and/or longer grain filling period. New emerging biochemical and molecular tools provides some opportunities for screening and phenotyping. Continued collaboration between physiologists, breeders, molecular biologists and agronomists is essential for developing strategies to combat effects of changing environments and management practices on crop production."
Note:This item is an abstract only!
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Prasad, V. 2017. Response of food grain crops to changing environments. Agron. Abr. p. 104764.
Fastlink to access this record outside TGIF: https://tic.msu.edu/tgif/flink?recno=290370
If there are problems with this record, send us feedback about record 290370.
Choices for finding the above item:
Web URL(s):
    Last checked: 10/13/2017
    Notes: Abstract only
Find from within TIC:
   Digitally in TIC by record number.
Request through your local library's inter-library loan service (bring or send a copy of this TGIF record)