Full TGIF Record # 295814
Item 1 of 1
DOI:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2009.04.023
Web URL(s):https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0883292709001371
    Last checked: 03/19/2018
    Access conditions: Item is within a limited-access website
Publication Type:
i
Refereed
Author(s):Cannon, W. F.; Horton, John D.
Author Affiliation:Cannon: US Geological Survey, Reston, VA; Horton: US Geological Survey, Denver, CO
Title:Soil geochemical signature of urbanization and industrialization - Chicago, Illnois, USA
Source:Applied Geochemistry. Vol. 24, No. 8, August 2009, p. 1590-1601.
# of Pages:12
Publishing Information:Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier Ltd.
Related Web URL:https://www.researchgate.net/publication/223312356_Soil_geochemical_signature_of_urbanization_and_industrialization_-_Chicago_Illinois_USA
    Last checked: 03/26/2018
    Notes: Abstract only
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Chemical properties of soil; Chemical soil analysis; Comparisons; Evaluations; Micronutrients; Soil sampling; Urban habitat; Urban soils
Abstract/Contents:"The concentrations of 45 elements in ambient (not obviously disturbed) surface soils were determined for 57 sites distributed throughout the city of Chicago, Illinois in the upper Midwestern United States. These concentrations were compared to soils from 105 sites from a largely agricultural region within a 500-km radius surrounding the city and to soils collected from 90 sites across the state of Illinois. Although the bulk composition of the Chicago urban soils reflects largely natural sources, the soils are significantly enriched in many trace elements, apparently from anthropogenic sources. The median concentration of Pb in Chicago soils is 198 mg/kg, a 13-fold enrichment compared to regional concentrations. Zinc (median 235 mg/kg), Cu (59 mg/kg), and Ni (31 mg/kg) are also enriched from 2- to 4-fold in Chicago soils and all four elements show strong mutual correlations. These elevated concentrations are most likely related to vehicular and roadway sources and represent uneven distribution across the city as airborne material. Other airborne particulate material from a combination of fossil fuel combustion, waste incineration, and steel production may contribute to apparent elevated concentrations in Chicago soil of Fe (median 2.9%), Mo (5 mg/kg), V (82 mg/kg) and S (0.09%). Chicago soils are enriched from about 1.6- to 3-fold in these elements. Enrichments in P and Se may be caused by direct addition of phosphate fertilizer to parklands, lawns and gardens. The density of the sampling (1 site per 10 km2) is inadequate to define the distribution of the observed enrichments within the city or to predict soil compositions for most of the areas between sample sites, but does provide a statistically significant signature of the history of urban and industrial activity within the city in contrast to the surrounding agricultural lands."
Language:English
References:39
Note:Map
Figures
Tables
Graphs
Geographic Terms:Chicago, Illinois
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Cannon, W. F., and J. D. Horton. 2009. Soil geochemical signature of urbanization and industrialization - Chicago, Illnois, USA. Applied Geochemistry. 24(8):p. 1590-1601.
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DOI: 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2009.04.023
Web URL(s):
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0883292709001371
    Last checked: 03/19/2018
    Access conditions: Item is within a limited-access website
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