Full TGIF Record # 315323
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Web URL(s):https://www.cropj.com/silva_14_10_2020_1563_1567.pdf
    Last checked: 11/24/2020
    Requires: PDF Reader
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Author(s):Silva, Paulo Cesar Laurindo; Yamashita, Oscar Mitsuo; da Silva, Ivone Vieira; da Rocha, Adriano Maltezo; de Brito, Bruna Zonta; Royo, Vanessa de Andrade; Saldanha, Keyla Laisa Ara√ļjo; de Carvalho, Marco Antonio Camillo; C√Ęndido, Aureane Cristina Teixeira Ferreira; Felito, Ricardo Adriano; Andrea, Maria Carolina da Silva; Rossi, Ana Aparecida Bandini
Author Affiliation:Silva: Federal Institute of Mato Grosso, Campus of Confresa, MT, Brazil; Yamashita, da Silva, da Rocha, de Brito, de Carvalho, C√Ęndido, Felito and Rossi: Postgraduate Program in Amazonian Biodiversity and Agroecosystems, Mato Grosso State University, Campus of Alta Floresta, MT, Brazil; Royo and Saldanha: Postgraduate Program in Biotechnology, Montes Claros State University, Montes Claros, MG, Brazil; Andrea: Mato Grosso State University, Campus of Tangar√° da Serra, MT, Brazil.
Title:Qualitative characterization of secondary metabolites of Paspalum virgatum weed under different water conditions
Source:Australian Journal of Crop Science. Vol. 14, No. 10, October 2020, p. 1563-1567.
# of Pages:5
Publishing Information:Australia: Southern Cross Publishing Group
Related Web URL:https://www.cropj.com/silva_Suppl_14_10_2020_1563_1567.pdf
    Last checked: 01/29/2021
    Notes: Abstract only
Abstract/Contents: "The presence of weeds amid pastures has caused significant damage to cattle farmers due to the difficulty in controlling these species. Paspalum virgatum stands out as an aggressive weed in Amazonian agroecosystems. Proper management of weed species is threatened by their aggressiveness, adaptation to low fertility soils and morphological, physiological and biochemical similarities with the grasses used as fodder. It is also possible that part of these characteristics of aggressiveness occur due to the ability of weeds to produce allelochemicals, resulting in damage to surrounding plants. The objective of this study was to qualitatively verify the presence of secondary metabolites in P. virgatum species under different water availability. The analyzed species were initially grown separately under three conditions of water availability: water deficit, field capacity and flooded environment. The water deficit treatment was conducted to verify weed ability to develop under conditions of extreme water shortage. This is a characteristic related to its rusticity, as found in grasses in the Amazon region. Excess water treatments were also conducted, since this is a common condition found in areas with partial flooding of a few months during the rainy season in the Amazon. After 120 days, weeds were collected and separated into roots, stems and leaves. The material was subsequently dried, ground and subjected to procedures to determine secondary metabolites. Phenolic compounds, flavonoids and alkaloids were identified in all conditions of plant development. The flavonoid detection test presented an intense yellow color. This is a strong indication of the presence of this class in stems and leaves of plants under flood and in leaves of plants under field capacity soil conditions. An intense presence of phenolic compounds was verified in stems and leaves, regardless of treatment. General alkaloids were found in great intensity in all samples. Saponins were found in leaves of P. virgatum under water stress (flooding and water deficit). All the metabolites were found in the plants, diverging between treatments and parts of the plant. It was concluded that the species presented higher steroid content in the roots when growing in places with excess of water. In conditions of full water supply, the presence of steroid was less intense in the roots, leaves and stems, result also found in roots and leaves of plants under water deficit. Alkaloids were less intensely present in the roots, regardless of the water treatment in which the plant was submitted. Results demonstrated that there are secondary metabolites responsible for some physiological ability of the weed to withstand excess or water deficit, indicating the need for further studies."
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Silva, P. C. L., O. M. Yamashita, I. V. da Silva, A. M. da Rocha, B. Z. de Brito, V. A. Royo, et al. 2020. Qualitative characterization of secondary metabolites of Paspalum virgatum weed under different water conditions. Australian Journal of Crop Science. 14(10):p. 1563-1567.
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DOI: 10.21475/ajcs.20.14.10.p2200
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    Last checked: 11/24/2020
    Requires: PDF Reader
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