Full TGIF Record # 333521
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Web URL(s):https://scisoc.confex.com/scisoc/2023am/meetingapp.cgi/Paper/151073
    Last checked: 12/06/2023
Publication Type:
Content Type:Abstract or Summary only
Author(s):Xiong, Xi; Fleetwood, Matthew; Barrett, Bruce; Ramirez, Ricardo; Richmond, Douglas S.; Enders, Laramy S.
Author Affiliation:Xiong: Presenting Author and Plant Sciences, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, MO; Fleetwood: University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, MO; Barrett: University of Missouri, Columbia, MO; Ramirez: Biology, Utah State University, Logan, UT; Richmond: Entomology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN; Enders: Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN
Title:Development of a novel mechanical approach for control of billbug
Section:Turf pest management oral II
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C05 turfgrass science
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Meeting Info.:St. Louis, Missouri: October 29-November 1, 2023
Source:ASA, CSSA, SSSA International Annual Meeting. 2023, p. 151073.
Publishing Information:[Madison, Wisconsin]: [American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America]
# of Pages:1
Abstract/Contents:"In Missouri and surrounding states, billbug (Sphenophorus spp.), especially hunting billbug (S. venatus vestitus Chittenden) damage on zoysiagrass (Zoysia japonica Steud.) fairways has become more problematic in recent years. Control of billbug by using conventional insecticides can be challenging, partially due to its nocturnal nature and poorly understood biology. Additionally, insecticide application might also pose danger to beneficial species. This research was therefore aimed to develop a novel mechanical approach to achieve billbug control with minimal impact to the environment. A two-year field experiment was carried out at a local golf course in Columbia, Missouri, on a zoysiagrass fairway where hunting billbug infestation has been document. A turf sweeper, which is designed for artificial turf but has been tested for safety on natural turf, was used as the mechanical control method, in addition to insecticide bifenthrin applications either in the day- or in the night-time. All treatments, including an untreated control, were organized in a randomized complete block design with 4 replications. Within each plot that measured 6 by 9 meters, 8 cup-cutter sized pitfall traps were installed underneath the mowing line and maintained year-round. The total counts of hunting billbug adults from 15 sweeping events in one growing season was averaged to 170, with peak collections occurred in April and again in August and September. Without treatments, control plots resulted in an average of 249 hunting billbugs collected from the 8 pitfall traps. In a comparison, billbug counts from the pitfall traps were reduced by 38% following sweepings, and by up to 60% following bifenthrin applications. Consequently, turf quality was significantly improved in plots receiving sweeping, as well as bifenthrin application. Collectively, results from this project suggested that sweeping could be an alternative method for effective billbug control with minimal environmental impact."
This item is an abstract only!
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Xiong, X., M. Fleetwood, B. Barrett, R. Ramirez, D. S. Richmond, and L. S. Enders. 2023. Development of a novel mechanical approach for control of billbug. Agron. Abr. p. 151073.
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    Last checked: 12/06/2023
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