Full TGIF Record # 40822
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Web URL(s):http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/1065657X.1997.10701885
    Last checked: 10/01/2015
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Publication Type:
i
Refereed
Author(s):Hadas, Aviva; Portnoy, Rita
Author Affiliation:Institute of Soils and Water, ARO, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Title:Rates of decomposition in soil and release of available nitrogen from cattle manure and municipal waste composts
Source:Compost Science & Utilization. Vol. 5, No. 3, Summer 1997, p. 48-54.
# of Pages:7
Publishing Information:Emmaus, PA: JG Press
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Manures; Composts; Carbon; Models; Soil amendments; Soil water content; Mineralization; Nitrogen; Application rates; Decomposition
Abstract/Contents:"Two different composts, a cattle manure compost (CMC) and a municipal waste compost (MWC), were applied at a rate of five percent or 15 percent to two soils, differing in their mineralization capacity, and incubated for 33 weeks at 30°C and optimal soil-water content. Periodically, CO₂ evolution rates and inorganic N concentrations were measured in the soils. The rate of compost-N recovered as inorganic N was independent of the soil and compost application rate. The recovery after 33 weeks (w) was 22 percent of MWC-N and 23 to 27 percent of CMC-N, of which 13 percent was initially inorganic. The recovery of compost-C as CO₂ depended on the compost application rate and to a lesser extent on the soil, reaching values of 13 to 15 percent and eight percent for the low and high application rates, respectively. The rates of decomposition of the composts were computed by the model NCSOIL by minimizing the deviations between simulated and measured data of CO₂ and inorganic N. The soluble and insoluble organic C and N contents of the composts were used as input in the model, representing two componenets differing in their rates of decomposition. The decomposition rate constants of the insoluble components were 6.4x10⁻⁴ d⁻¹ for CMC and 8.9x10⁻⁴ d⁻¹ for MWC, assuming that the soluble component decomposed rapidly during the first week. The small difference between the composts indicated that a similar decomposition rate constant could fit the insoluble component of any compost. Better definitions of the insoluble material could improve the prediction of decomposition of composts. The wider C/N ratio of MWC explains the smaller rate of inorganic N release although its decomposition rate constant was larger."
Language:English
References:19
Note:Figures
Tables
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Hadas, A., and R. Portnoy. 1997. Rates of decomposition in soil and release of available nitrogen from cattle manure and municipal waste composts. Compost Sci. Util. 5(3):p. 48-54.
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Web URL(s):
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/1065657X.1997.10701885
    Last checked: 10/01/2015
    Requires: PDF Reader
    Access conditions: Item is within a limited-access website
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MSU catalog number: TD 796.5 .C584
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