Full TGIF Record # 43113
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Web URL(s):http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/01904169409364710
    Last checked: 01/26/2018
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Publication Type:
i
Report
Author(s):Griffith, Stephen M.; Streeter, Donald J.
Author Affiliation:National Forage Seed Production Research Center, USDA-ARS, 3450 SW Campus Way, Cornvallis, Oregon 97331-7102
Title:Nitrate and ammonium nutrition in ryegrass: Changes in growth and chemical composition under hydroponic conditions
Source:Journal of Plant Nutrition. Vol. 17, No. 1, January 1994, p. 71-81.
# of Pages:11
Publishing Information:New York: Marcel Dekker, Inc.
Related Web URL:http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/01904169409364710
    Last checked: 01/26/2018
    Access conditions: Item is within a limited-access website
    Notes: Abstract
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Nitrogen; Seed production; Nitrogen carrier; Growth; Nitrogen fertilizers; Lolium multiflorum
Cultivar Names:Surrey
Abstract/Contents:" Nitrogen (N) is one of the most critical elements affecting grass seed yield. In soil and cropping conditions of Western Oregon, ammonium-N may play an important role in the growth and development of ryegrass grown for seed. Our objectives were to determine the physiological and biochemical effects of ammonium and nitrate nutrition on ryegrass vegetative growth and subsequent expression of floral tillers, and changes in plant reduced-N and carbohydrate composition. Plants were grown in hydroponics (active pH controlled) and fed nitrate and ammonium alone or in combination of 10mM total N. The experiment was terminated at anthesis, which occurred at 68 days after planting (DAP). Changes in plant tiller number, height, dry weight, reduced-N, and water soluble carbohydrates (WSC) were recorded. Vegetative growth rate of plants receiving lower ratios of nitrate/ammonium was up to twice those receiving total nitrate or 75/25 nitrate/ammonium. Total primary tiller number at 68 DAP (anthesis) was 30% greater in plants receiving 25/75 and 0/100 nitrate/ammonium. Floral tiller number increased up to 55% with increasing ammonium-N to nitrate-N, while vegetative tiller number was not significantly affected. Partitioning of dry matter, WSC, and reduced-N among vegetative and reproductive organs differed among N treatments. Data indicated that differences in plant growth and development resulted from greater N use efficiency from mixtures of ammonium and nitrate nutrition. Data support previous reports of ryegrass preference for ammonium nutrition over nitrate."
Language:English
References:17
Note:Tables
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Griffith, S. M., and D. J. Streeter. 1994. Nitrate and ammonium nutrition in ryegrass: Changes in growth and chemical composition under hydroponic conditions. J. Plant Nutr. 17(1):p. 71-81.
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Web URL(s):
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/01904169409364710
    Last checked: 01/26/2018
    Requires: PDF Reader
    Access conditions: Item is within a limited-access website
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