Full TGIF Record # 44213
Item 1 of 1
Web URL(s):http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1752-1688.1994.tb03271.x/epdf
    Last checked: 10/08/2015
    Requires: PDF Reader
    Access conditions: Item is within a limited-access website
Publication Type:
i
Report
Author(s):Edwards, D. R.; Daniel, T. C.
Author Affiliation:Biological and Agricultural Engineering Department, 203 Engineering Hall, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701; and Department of Agronomy, University of Arkansas
Title:A comparison of runoff quality effects of organic and inorganic fertilizers applied to fescuegrass plots
Section:Technical Papers
Other records with the "Technical Papers" Section
Source:Water Resources Bulletin. Vol. 30, No. 1, January/February 1994, p. 35-41.
# of Pages:7
Publishing Information:Bethesda, MD: American Water Resources Association.
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Festuca arundinacea; Surface runoff; Animal manures; Water quality
Abstract/Contents:"Application of fertilizer can degrade quality of runoff, particularly during the first post-application, runoff-producing storm. This experiment assessed and compared runoff quality impacts of organic and inorganic fertilizer application for a single simulated storm occurring seven days following application. The organic fertilizers used were poultry (Gallus gallus domesticus) litter, poultry manure, and swine (Sus scrofa domesticus) manure. All fertilizers were applied at an application rate of 217.6 kg N/ha. Simulated rainfall was applied at 50 mm/h for an average duration of 0.8 h. Runoff samples were collected, composited, and analyzed for nitrate N (NO₃-N), ammonia N (NH₃-N), total Kjeldahl N (TKN), ortho-P (PO₄-P), total P (TP), chemical oxygen demand (COD), total suspended solids (TSS), fecal coliforms (FC), and fecal streptococci (FS). Application of the fertilizers did not alter the hydrologic characteristics of the receiving plots relative to the control plots. Concentrations of fertilizer constituents were almost always greater from treated than from control plots and were usually much greater. Flow-weighted mean concentrations of NH₃-N, PO₄-P, and TP were highest for the inorganic fertilizer treatment (42.0, 26.6, and 27.9 mg/L, respectively). Runoff COD and TSS concentrations were greatest for the poultry litter treatment. Concentrations of FC and FS were greater for fertilized than for control plots with no differences among the fertilized plots, but FC concentrations for all treatments were in excess of Arkansas' primary and secondary contact standards. Mass losses of fertilizer constituents were low (< 3 kg/ha) and were small proportions (< 3 percent) of amounts applied."
Language:English
References:29
Note:Tables
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Edwards, D. R., and T. C. Daniel. 1994. A comparison of runoff quality effects of organic and inorganic fertilizers applied to fescuegrass plots. Water Resour. Bull. 30(1):p. 35-41.
Fastlink to access this record outside TGIF: https://tic.msu.edu/tgif/flink?recno=44213
If there are problems with this record, send us feedback about record 44213.
Choices for finding the above item:
Web URL(s):
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1752-1688.1994.tb03271.x/epdf
    Last checked: 10/08/2015
    Requires: PDF Reader
    Access conditions: Item is within a limited-access website
Find Item @ MSU
MSU catalog number: TD 201 .W28
Find from within TIC:
   Digitally in TIC by record number.
Request through your local library's inter-library loan service (bring or send a copy of this TGIF record)