Full TGIF Record # 54342
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Web URL(s):http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/016788099390043O
    Last checked: 10/09/2015
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Publication Type:
i
Report
Author(s):Latch, Garrick C. M.
Author Affiliation:DSIR Plant Protection, Palmerston North, New Zealand
Title:Physiological interactions of endophytic fungi and their hosts. Biotic stress tolerance imparted to grasses by endophytes
Source:Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Environment. Vol. 44, No. 1-4, March 1993, p. 143-156.
# of Pages:14
Publishing Information:Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publishers
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Endophytes; Nematoda; Toxicity; Habitats; Biological control; Fungi; Fungal diseases; Fungus control; Insect resistance
Abstract/Contents:"The association of an endophyte and its host grass is mutualistic. Infected plants are protected from attack by some species of insects, nematodes and fungi and they may be less attractive to grazing animals because of the toxicity they impart to the grass. The endophyte is provided with nutrients and is transmitted in the seed. Recent research has revealed that within a single species of endophyte there are strains which differ in their ability to produce particular compounds in the plant. Thus, some strains of endophyte which confer plant resistance to particular biotic stresses, such as resistance to insects, do not produce compounds toxic to grazing animals. Such strains are of particular benefit to pastoral farmers as they can be selected and used to infect other grasses. Biological control of predators and parasites of grasses through the use of selected endophyte strains is timely as chemical control of pests and diseases becomes increasingly restricted. This paper reviews the diverse examples of biotic stress tolerance which endophytes confer to grasses and suggests lines of research which it may be profitable to pursue."
Language:English
References:49
Note:Tables
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Latch, G. C. M. 1993. Physiological interactions of endophytic fungi and their hosts. Biotic stress tolerance imparted to grasses by endophytes. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 44(1-4):p. 143-156.
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Web URL(s):
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/016788099390043O
    Last checked: 10/09/2015
    Requires: PDF Reader
    Access conditions: Item is within a limited-access website
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