Full TGIF Record # 71163
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Web URL(s):http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/01904169809365537
    Last checked: 10/13/2015
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Publication Type:
Author(s):Foy, C. D.; Murray, J. J.
Author Affiliation:Climate Stress Laboratory, Natural Resources Institute, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, Maryland
Title:Responses of Kentucky bluegrass cultivars to excess aluminum in nutrient solutions
Source:Journal of Plant Nutrition. Vol. 21, No. 9, 1998, p. 1967-1983.
# of Pages:17
Publishing Information:New York: Marcel Dekker, Inc.
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Poa pratensis; Cultivar evaluation; Aluminum; Resistance; Acidic soils; Dry weight; Soil pH; Root weight; Phosphorus
Cultivar Names:Victa; Windsor; Fylking; Kenblue
Abstract/Contents:"Kentucky bluegrass, Poa pratensis L., is generally regarded as an acid-soil-sensitive species. However, previous studies in our laboratory showed that cultivars within the species differed widely in tolerance to acid Tatum subsoil (pH 4.6) which is used routinely to screen plants for aluminum (Al) tolerance. In the early studies, specific differential Al tolerance was not demonstrated. The objective of the current study was to test the hypothesis of differential Al tolerance more precisely in nutrient solutions. In one experiment, acid-soil-tolerant Victa and Fylking and acid-soil-sensitive Windsor and Kenblue cultivars were grown for 35 days in nutrient solutions containing 0, 2, 4, 6, 12, and 24 mg Al L⁻¹, at initial pH 4.5, with no subsequent adjustment. In a second experiment, Victa and Windsor were grown for 30 days in solutions containing 0, 4 and 6 mg Al L⁻¹, at initial pH 4.5, with no further adjustment. For Victa and Windsor, tolerance to Al in nutrient solution corresponded with tolerance to acid Tatum subsoil, however, the cultivar difference in tolerance, based on relative root dry weight, was only about 2-fold, compared with 20-fold in acid Tatum subsoil. Fylking and Kenblue cultivars, which showed a wide difference in tolerance to acid Tatum subsoil, did not show distinct differences in tolerance to Al in nutrient solutions. Possible reasons for this discrepancy are discussed. Superior Al tolerance of Victa (compared with Windsor) was associated with a greater plant-induced increase in the pH of its nutrient solutions and a corresponding decrease in concentrations of soluble Al in the filtered solutions at the end of the experiments. Greater Al sensitivity in Windsor (compared with Victa) was not related to reduced uptake of phosphorus (P) or excessive uptake of Al; neither cultivar accumulated appreciable Al concentrations in its shoots. The observed differential acid soil and Al tolerance among bluegrass cultivars appears worthy of further study. Improved understanding of Al tolerance mechanisms would contribute to fundamental knowledge of plant mineral nutrition and could aid plant breeders in tailoring plants for greater tolerance to acid subsoils."
Note:Pictures, b/w
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Foy, C. D., and J. J. Murray. 1998. Responses of Kentucky bluegrass cultivars to excess aluminum in nutrient solutions. J. Plant Nutr. 21(9):p. 1967-1983.
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    Last checked: 10/13/2015
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